In the aftermath of the terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C., it was the
American Red Cross that spearheaded the relief effort. The organization has been offering help for victims of natural and man-made disasters since 1881. The American Red Cross is part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. The American chapter was founded by Clara Barton, and like the international organization, it provides assistance without discrimination. The American Red Cross coordinates blood drives across the country and collects money for its relief projects.